[pulseaudio-discuss] source-sink loopback
bossart.nospam at gmail.com
Wed Aug 19 22:52:45 PDT 2009
Thanks for this detailed set of explanations.
> So, basically: if you configure a latency then you should get
> something in the area what you asked for but we cannot make
> guarantees. And the connection between latency and block sizes is even
D'oh. Looks like if I interface with a timing-critical protocol I'd
need to hide this inside a module...
>> 2. I assumed that the memblockq routines (push, peek and drop) are
>> thread-safe, is this a valid assumption?
> Nope. You may not assume that.
> Only very few functions in PA are thread-safe. This has various
> reasons: speed, simplicity, fear of deadlock hell, but most
> importantly that we try to minimize locking. The goal is to do things
> entirely lock-free.
> To fix this I'd suggest allocating a pa_asyncmsgq object for sending
> over the memblocks from the source thread to the sink thread. You can
> send arbitrary data with that including memchunks. It's thread-safe
> (and lock-free). Then, on the receiver side push the data into a
> pa_memblockq for flexible buffering.
ok. makes sense.
>> 3. For now the source and sink are synchronous but if they are not,
>> how can I enable a sample-rate converter to correct for clock drifts?
>> I see some code for SRC in both the input and output IO threads,
>> however I don't understand how the tracking would be done.
> module-combine handles this already. It probably would make sense to
> copy the basic logic here: in the main thread simply measure the
> latency of the sink and source every now and then, and then update the
> sampling rate of the sink input with pa_sink_input_set_rate().
> (This is actually quite hard to get right, and module-combine doesn't
> entirely get it right. The problem is getting a somewhat atomic
> snapshot of both latencies, since in the time between asking the two
> latencies another memblock might have been sent over.)
Humm, I didn't realize your definition of latency is different from my
intuitive definition. I thought in terms of samples, but when I
checked the code in alsa-sink.c, I saw that the latency is really the
delta between the wall clock and the audio clock+the delayed samples.
What this means is that if there's a drift between the wall clock and
the audio clock the latency reported will gradually increase or be
reduced Is this correct?
I guess when you substract both latencies you get rid of the wall
clock component, which is fine in this case.
And yes we would need to low-pass filter the deviation to focus only
on the long-term evolution. The clocks shouldn't be more that 1% apart
anyway on most systems.
> In the rewind callback you you simply must rewind the read pointer in
> the memblockq. It is called whenever we need to rewrite the hardware
> playback buffer. i.e. let's say we have 2s of buffer. Now a new stream
> is added to the mix. We need to remix the whole 2s we already
> wrote. Then we rewind each stream and ask for the data again and write
> it to the buffer.
> If you use a memblockq all you need to do is basically forward this
> call to pa_memblockq_rewind() which does the heavy lifting for you.
This part is unclear. What you are saying is that basically
pa_memblockq_rewind() is the opposite of the drop(), this is just a
play with the read pointer. However when does the data actually get
marked as used by the sink and when can these memory blocks be
> Whether you need to implement a state-changed cb depends. module-sine
> uses it to trigger a rewind when the stream is created because it has
> PCM data ready right-away. So it listens for the
> PA_SINK_INPUT_INIT->PA_SINK_INPUT_RUNNING state change and requests
> the rewind right away. In other modules however PCM data might not be
> readily available, i.e. because it needs to be received first from a
> client. In that case you probably don't want to rewind right-away on
> that state change but instead wait until you actually got enough PCM
> data and only then request the rewind. Your case is the latter I
ok, makes sense.
> Hope this helps!
Yes it did!
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