Daniel Vetter daniel at ffwll.ch
Mon Feb 1 14:49:25 UTC 2021

Adding gpu folks.

On Tue, Nov 03, 2020 at 03:28:05PM -0800, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 03, 2020 at 05:57:47PM -0500, Kenny Ho wrote:
> > On Tue, Nov 3, 2020 at 4:04 PM Alexei Starovoitov
> > <alexei.starovoitov at gmail.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Tue, Nov 03, 2020 at 02:19:22PM -0500, Kenny Ho wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Nov 3, 2020 at 12:43 AM Alexei Starovoitov
> > > > <alexei.starovoitov at gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, Nov 2, 2020 at 9:39 PM Kenny Ho <y2kenny at gmail.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Sounds like either bpf_lsm needs to be made aware of cgv2 (which would
> > > be a great thing to have regardless) or cgroup-bpf needs a drm/gpu specific hook.
> > > I think generic ioctl hook is too broad for this use case.
> > > I suspect drm/gpu internal state would be easier to access inside
> > > bpf program if the hook is next to gpu/drm. At ioctl level there is 'file'.
> > > It's probably too abstract for the things you want to do.
> > > Like how VRAM/shader/etc can be accessed through file?
> > > Probably possible through a bunch of lookups and dereferences, but
> > > if the hook is custom to GPU that info is likely readily available.
> > > Then such cgroup-bpf check would be suitable in execution paths where
> > > ioctl-based hook would be too slow.
> > Just to clarify, when you say drm specific hook, did you mean just a
> > unique attach_type or a unique prog_type+attach_type combination?  (I
> > am still a bit fuzzy on when a new prog type is needed vs a new attach
> > type.  I think prog type is associated with a unique type of context
> > that the bpf prog will get but I could be missing some nuances.)
> > 
> > When I was thinking of doing an ioctl wide hook, the file would be the
> > device file and the thinking was to have a helper function provided by
> > device drivers to further disambiguate.  For our (AMD's) driver, we
> > have a bunch of ioctls for set/get/create/destroy
> > (https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/drivers/gpu/drm/amd/amdkfd/kfd_chardev.c#L1763)
> > so the bpf prog can make the decision after the disambiguation.  For
> > example, we have an ioctl called "kfd_ioctl_set_cu_mask."  You can
> Thanks for the pointer.
> That's one monster ioctl. So much copy_from_user.
> BPF prog would need to be sleepable to able to examine the args in such depth.
> After quick glance at the code I would put a new hook into
> kfd_ioctl() right before
> retcode = func(filep, process, kdata);
> At this point kdata is already copied from user space 
> and usize, that is cmd specific, is known.
> So bpf prog wouldn't need to copy that data again.
> That will save one copy.
> To drill into details of kfd_ioctl_set_cu_mask() the prog would
> need to be sleepable to do second copy_from_user of cu_mask.
> At least it's not that big.
> Yes, the attachment point will be amd driver specific,
> but the program doesn't need to be.
> It can be generic tracing prog that is agumented to use BTF.
> Something like writeable tracepoint with BTF support would do.
> So on the bpf side there will be minimal amount of changes.
> And in the driver you'll add one or few writeable tracepoints
> and the result of the tracepoint will gate
> retcode = func(filep, process, kdata);
> call in kfd_ioctl().
> The writeable tracepoint would need to be cgroup-bpf based.
> So that's the only tricky part. BPF infra doesn't have
> cgroup+tracepoint scheme. It's probably going to be useful
> in other cases like this. See trace_nbd_send_request.

Yeah I think this proposal doesn't work:

- inspecting ioctl arguments that need copying outside of the
  driver/subsystem doing that copying is fundamentally racy

- there's been a pile of cgroups proposal to manage gpus at the drm
  subsystem level, some by Kenny, and frankly this at least looks a bit
  like a quick hack to sidestep the consensus process for that.

So once we push this into drivers it's not going to be a bpf hook anymore
I think.

Cheers, Daniel
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation

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