[PATCH v4 11/14] drm/amdgpu: Guard against write accesses after device removal

Christian König ckoenig.leichtzumerken at gmail.com
Tue Feb 9 08:27:03 UTC 2021

Am 08.02.21 um 23:09 schrieb Andrey Grodzovsky:
> On 2/8/21 4:37 AM, Christian König wrote:
>> Am 07.02.21 um 22:50 schrieb Daniel Vetter:
>>> [SNIP]
>>>> Clarification - as far as I know there are no page fault handlers 
>>>> for kernel
>>>> mappings. And we are talking about kernel mappings here, right ?  
>>>> If there were
>>>> I could solve all those issues the same as I do for user mappings, by
>>>> invalidating all existing mappings in the kernel (both kmaps and 
>>>> ioreamps)and
>>>> insert dummy zero or ~0 filled page instead.
>>>> Also, I assume forcefully remapping the IO BAR to ~0 filled page 
>>>> would involve
>>>> ioremap API and it's not something that I think can be easily done 
>>>> according to
>>>> am answer i got to a related topic a few weeks ago
>>>> https://nam11.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.spinics.net%2Flists%2Flinux-pci%2Fmsg103396.html&data=04%7C01%7CAndrey.Grodzovsky%40amd.com%7Cb159d3ce264944486c8008d8cc15233a%7C3dd8961fe4884e608e11a82d994e183d%7C0%7C0%7C637483738446813868%7CUnknown%7CTWFpbGZsb3d8eyJWIjoiMC4wLjAwMDAiLCJQIjoiV2luMzIiLCJBTiI6Ik1haWwiLCJXVCI6Mn0%3D%7C1000&sdata=6eP0nhS%2BZwp1Y54CwfX8vaV3FTWbW8IylW5JFaf92pY%3D&reserved=0 
>>>> (that was the only reply
>>>> i got)
>>> mmiotrace can, but only for debug, and only on x86 platforms:
>>> https://nam11.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.kernel.org%2Fdoc%2Fhtml%2Flatest%2Ftrace%2Fmmiotrace.html&data=04%7C01%7CAndrey.Grodzovsky%40amd.com%7Cb159d3ce264944486c8008d8cc15233a%7C3dd8961fe4884e608e11a82d994e183d%7C0%7C0%7C637483738446813868%7CUnknown%7CTWFpbGZsb3d8eyJWIjoiMC4wLjAwMDAiLCJQIjoiV2luMzIiLCJBTiI6Ik1haWwiLCJXVCI6Mn0%3D%7C1000&sdata=QBF9J%2BVIRUkUTTjvNoZR8NqFNt8CpHkcknH2qKX7dd8%3D&reserved=0 
>>> Should be feasible (but maybe not worth the effort) to extend this to
>>> support fake unplug.
>> Mhm, interesting idea you guys brought up here.
>> We don't need a page fault for this to work, all we need to do is to 
>> insert dummy PTEs into the kernels page table at the place where 
>> previously the MMIO mapping has been.
> But that exactly what Mathew from linux-mm says is not a trivial thing 
> to do, quote:
> "
> ioremap() is done through the vmalloc space.  It would, in theory, be
> possible to reprogram the page tables used for vmalloc to point to your
> magic page.  I don't think we have such a mechanism today, and there are
> lots of problems with things like TLB flushes.  It's probably going to
> be harder than you think.
> "

I haven't followed the full discussion, but I don't see much preventing 

All you need is a new ioremap_dummy() function which takes the old start 
and length of the mapping.

Still a bit core and maybe even platform code, but rather useful I think.


> If you believe it's actually doable then it would be useful not only for simulating device
> unplugged situation with all MMIOs returning 0xff... but for actual handling of driver accesses
> to MMIO after device is gone and, we could then drop entirely this patch as there would be no need
> to guard against such accesses post device unplug.

>>>>> But ugh ...
>>>>> Otoh validating an entire driver like amdgpu without such a trick
>>>>> against 0xff reads is practically impossible. So maybe you need to 
>>>>> add
>>>>> this as one of the tasks here?
>>>> Or I could just for validation purposes return ~0 from all reg 
>>>> reads in the code
>>>> and ignore writes if drm_dev_unplugged, this could already easily 
>>>> validate a big
>>>> portion of the code flow under such scenario.
>>> Hm yeah if your really wrap them all, that should work too. Since
>>> iommappings have __iomem pointer type, as long as amdgpu is sparse
>>> warning free, should be doable to guarantee this.
>> Problem is that ~0 is not always a valid register value.
>> You would need to audit every register read that it doesn't use the 
>> returned value blindly as index or similar. That is quite a bit of work.
> But ~0 is the value that will be returned for every read post device 
> unplug, regardless if it's valid or not, and we have to cope with
> it then, no ?
> Andrey
>> Regards,
>> Christian.
>>> -Daniel
>>>> Andrey
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