[REGRESSION] Too-low frequency limit for AMD GPU PCI-passed-through to Windows VM

Alex Williamson alex.williamson at redhat.com
Mon Jan 24 17:30:50 UTC 2022

On Mon, 24 Jan 2022 12:04:18 -0500
Alex Deucher <alexdeucher at gmail.com> wrote:

> On Sat, Jan 22, 2022 at 4:38 PM James Turner
> <linuxkernel.foss at dmarc-none.turner.link> wrote:
> >
> > Hi Lijo,
> >  
> > > Could you provide the pp_dpm_* values in sysfs with and without the
> > > patch? Also, could you try forcing PCIE to gen3 (through pp_dpm_pcie)
> > > if it's not in gen3 when the issue happens?  
> >
> > AFAICT, I can't access those values while the AMD GPU PCI devices are
> > bound to `vfio-pci`. However, I can at least access the link speed and
> > width elsewhere in sysfs. So, I gathered what information I could for
> > two different cases:
> >
> > - With the PCI devices bound to `vfio-pci`. With this configuration, I
> >   can start the VM, but the `pp_dpm_*` values are not available since
> >   the devices are bound to `vfio-pci` instead of `amdgpu`.
> >
> > - Without the PCI devices bound to `vfio-pci` (i.e. after removing the
> >   `vfio-pci.ids=...` kernel command line argument). With this
> >   configuration, I can access the `pp_dpm_*` values, since the PCI
> >   devices are bound to `amdgpu`. However, I cannot use the VM. If I try
> >   to start the VM, the display (both the external monitors attached to
> >   the AMD GPU and the built-in laptop display attached to the Intel
> >   iGPU) completely freezes.
> >
> > The output shown below was identical for both the good commit:
> > f1688bd69ec4 ("drm/amd/amdgpu:save psp ring wptr to avoid attack")
> > and the commit which introduced the issue:
> > f9b7f3703ff9 ("drm/amdgpu/acpi: make ATPX/ATCS structures global (v2)")
> >
> > Note that the PCI link speed increased to 8.0 GT/s when the GPU was
> > under heavy load for both versions, but the clock speeds of the GPU were
> > different under load. (For the good commit, it was 1295 MHz; for the bad
> > commit, it was 501 MHz.)
> >  
> Are the ATIF and ATCS ACPI methods available in the guest VM?  They
> are required for this platform to work correctly from a power
> standpoint.  One thing that f9b7f3703ff9 did was to get those ACPI
> methods executed on certain platforms where they had not been
> previously due to a bug in the original implementation.  If the
> windows driver doesn't interact with them, it could cause performance
> issues.  It may have worked by accident before because the ACPI
> interfaces may not have been called, leading the windows driver to
> believe this was a standalone dGPU rather than one integrated into a
> power/thermal limited platform.

None of the host ACPI interfaces are available to or accessible by the
guest when assigning a PCI device.  Likewise the guest does not have
access to the parent downstream ports of the PCIe link.  Thanks,


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