prefix=/ or prefix=/usr ?
frederic.heem at telsey.it
Thu Sep 7 03:30:38 PDT 2006
Alle 12:16, giovedì 7 settembre 2006, Simon McVittie ha scritto:
Thanks a lot, that's what I did.
./configure --enable-verbose-mode --enable-asserts --enable-checks --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var
If someone has time to update the documentation (i.e INSTALL).
Actually, I would prefer to store this command in the spec file, but I can't
it to build a rpm.
> On Thu, 07 Sep 2006 at 11:40:09 +0200, frederic heem wrote:
> > What is the prefix that should be used ? configure --prefix=/usr
> > or --prefix=/usr
> I assume you meant "or --prefix=/"...
> If you're setting the prefix to "/", that means you believe the program
> you're installing needs to work before /usr is mounted, so it must go in
> /bin, /sbin, /lib and occupy scarce root-filesystem space. Unless you
> know this to be the case, it most likely isn't!
> > In the first case, dbus will install its configuration file in /usr/etc.
> > In the second case, dbus will install its header file in /include.
> > This is not *nix standard, isn't it ?
> Distributions can rarely just use --prefix on configure scripts. In a
> typical Linux package (e.g. for Debian) the right thing to do to follow
> the FHS/LSB is something like:
> ./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc \
> --sharedstatedir=/var --localstatedir=/var \
> With prefix /usr the GNU standards would put configuration in /usr/etc,
> modifiable architecture-independent-data in /usr/com, modifiable
> single-machine data in /usr/var and supporting programs in /usr/libexec,
> which are inappropriate on Linux, and potentially other Unixes. The libexec
> one is debatable - /usr/libexec isn't in the FHS and doesn't exist on
> Debian-derived systems, but I seem to remember some other Linux systems
> still have it.
> RPM has a macro (%configure, I think) which expands to the ./configure
> arguments Red Hat consider to be appropriate. Its expansion takes up
> several screen lines and does things like putting native 64-bit libraries
> in /usr/lib64 on x86-64 systems.
> The right thing to do for distribution packages is a per-distro issue -
> on Debian, for instance, x86-64 libraries usually go in /usr/lib due to
> different packaging policies.
> For a local install of D-Bus you might even consider something like:
> ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var
> \ --sharedstatedir=/var
> which would put the daemon and libraries in /usr/local, but would use
> the well-known locations for things like service.d and the daemon
> dbus mailing list
> dbus at lists.freedesktop.org
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