How does dbus-daemon handle multiple services with same Name?

Michael Biebl mbiebl at
Sun Jun 21 12:11:44 PDT 2015

2015-06-21 20:58 GMT+02:00 Armin K. <krejzi at>:
> On 06/21/2015 08:42 PM, Lennart Poettering wrote:
>> On Sun, 21.06.15 13:02, Armin K. (krejzi at wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> While trying kdbus with systemd, I have ran across a problem.
>>> Apparently it doesn't yet properly handle multiple D-Bus services
>>> with same name.
>>> I'm interested in how does D-Bus daemon handle this? Which one
>>> gets loaded and how it decides which one to load?
>>> An example:
>>> I have two services with Name=org.freedesktop.FileManager1
>>> One is GNOME's Nautilus, other is MATE's Caja File Manager.
>>> Which one would get loaded and why?
>> Only one service can own a name at a time. If one already owns a name,
>> and another one tries to take possession of it as well, then one of
>> three things can happen:
>>       a) the request to own the name is queued, and dbus-daemon passes
>>       it on automatically and atomically as soon as the old owner
>>       voluntarily gives it up.
>>       b) the operation to request the name will simply fail (this mode
>>       of operation you get by passing DBUS_NAME_FLAG_DO_NOT_QUEUE when
>>       acquiring the name)
>>       c) the name will be taken away forcible from the old owner (only
>>       if the new owner indicated DBUS_NAME_FLAG_REPLACE_EXISTING, and
>> Either way, and no times there are two owners of a name at the same
>> time, neither in kdbus, nor in dbus-daemon.
>> Lennart
> I'm asking specifically because current dbus-daemon seems to
> kinda handle it, but kdbus will error out when it tries to
> create a symlink for bus-proxyd. I was asked on systemd
> bug tracker how dbus handles this, that's why I asked here.

What you are referring to is having files in
which provide the same "Name".
It's not enforced, that the Name in the .service file is named after
the D-Bus name.

So you can have
 foo.service with Name=org.fdo.baz
 bar.service with Name=org.fdo.baz

I think your question is, assuming that neither foo or bar is running,
and there is an incoming request for org.fdo.baz, which one of the two
is started?

Why is it that all of the instruments seeking intelligent life in the
universe are pointed away from Earth?

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