[BUG] completely bonkers use of set_need_resched + VM_FAULT_NOPAGE

Maarten Lankhorst maarten.lankhorst at canonical.com
Fri Sep 13 01:58:01 PDT 2013

Op 13-09-13 10:23, Thomas Hellstrom schreef:
> On 09/13/2013 09:51 AM, Maarten Lankhorst wrote:
>> Op 13-09-13 09:46, Thomas Hellstrom schreef:
>>> On 09/13/2013 09:16 AM, Maarten Lankhorst wrote:
>>>> Op 13-09-13 08:44, Thomas Hellstrom schreef:
>>>>> On 09/12/2013 11:50 PM, Maarten Lankhorst wrote:
>>>>>> Op 12-09-13 18:44, Thomas Hellstrom schreef:
>>>>>>> On 09/12/2013 05:45 PM, Maarten Lankhorst wrote:
>>>>>>>> Op 12-09-13 17:36, Daniel Vetter schreef:
>>>>>>>>> On Thu, Sep 12, 2013 at 5:06 PM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz at infradead.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> So I'm poking around the preemption code and stumbled upon:
>>>>>>>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c:                set_need_resched();
>>>>>>>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c:                        set_need_resched();
>>>>>>>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c:                        set_need_resched();
>>>>>>>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/udl/udl_gem.c:          set_need_resched();
>>>>>>>>>> All these sites basically do:
>>>>>>>>>>       while (!trylock())
>>>>>>>>>>             yield();
>>>>>>>>>> which is a horrible and broken locking pattern.
>>>>>>>>>> Firstly its deadlock prone, suppose the faulting process is a FIFOn+1
>>>>>>>>>> task that preempted the lock holder at FIFOn.
>>>>>>>>>> Secondly the implementation is worse than usual by abusing
>>>>>>>>>> VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, which is supposed to install a PTE so that the fault
>>>>>>>>>> doesn't retry, but you're using it as a get out of fault path. And
>>>>>>>>>> you're using set_need_resched() which is not something a driver should
>>>>>>>>>> _ever_ touch.
>>>>>>>>>> Now I'm going to take away set_need_resched() -- and while you can
>>>>>>>>>> 'reimplement' it using set_thread_flag() you're not going to do that
>>>>>>>>>> because it will be broken due to changes to the preempt code.
>>>>>>>>>> So please as to fix ASAP and don't allow anybody to trick you into
>>>>>>>>>> merging silly things like that again ;-)
>>>>>>>>> The set_need_resched in i915_gem.c:i915_gem_fault can actually be
>>>>>>>>> removed. It was there to give the error handler a chance to sneak in
>>>>>>>>> and reset the hw/sw tracking when the gpu is dead. That hack goes back
>>>>>>>>> to the days when the locking around our error handler was somewhere
>>>>>>>>> between nonexistent and totally broken, nowadays we keep things from
>>>>>>>>> live-locking by a bit of magic in i915_mutex_lock_interruptible. I'll
>>>>>>>>> whip up a patch to rip this out. I'll also check that our testsuite
>>>>>>>>> properly exercises this path (needs a bit of work on a quick look for
>>>>>>>>> better coverage).
>>>>>>>>> The one in ttm is just bonghits to shut up lockdep: ttm can recurse
>>>>>>>>> into it's own pagefault handler and then deadlock, the trylock just
>>>>>>>>> keeps lockdep quiet. We've had that bug arise in drm/i915 due to some
>>>>>>>>> fun userspace did and now have testcases for them. The right solution
>>>>>>>>> to fix this is to use copy_to|from_user_atomic in ttm everywhere it
>>>>>>>>> holds locks and have slowpaths which drops locks, copies stuff into a
>>>>>>>>> temp allocation and then continues. At least that's how we've fixed
>>>>>>>>> all those inversions in i915-gem. I'm not volunteering to fix this ;-)
>>>>>>>> Ah the case where a mmap'd address is passed to the execbuf ioctl? :P
>>>>>>>> Fine I'll look into it a bit, hopefully before tuesday. Else it might take a bit longer since I'll be on my way to plumbers..
>>>>>>> I think a possible fix would be if fault() were allowed to return an error and drop the mmap_sem() before returning.
>>>>>>> Otherwise we need to track down all copy_to_user / copy_from_user which happen with bo::reserve held.
>>>>> Actually, from looking at the mm code, it seems OK to do the following:
>>>>> if (!bo_tryreserve()) {
>>>>>       up_read mmap_sem(); // Release the mmap_sem to avoid deadlocks.
>>>>>       bo_reserve();               // Wait for the BO to become available (interruptible)
>>>>>       bo_unreserve();           // Where is bo_wait_unreserved() when we need it, Maarten :P
>>>>>       return VM_FAULT_RETRY; // Go ahead and retry the VMA walk, after regrabbing
>>>>> }
>>>> Is this meant as a jab at me? You're doing locking wrong here! Again!
>>> It's not meant as a jab at you.  I'm sorry if it came out that way. It was meant as a joke. I wasn't aware the topic was sensitive.
>>> Anyway, could you describe what is wrong, with the above solution, because it seems perfectly legal to me.
>>> There is no substantial overhead, and there is no risc of deadlocks. Or do you mean it's bad because it confuses lockdep?
>> Evil userspace can pass a bo as pointer to use for relocation lists, lockdep will warn when that locks up, but still..
>> This is already a problem now, and your fixing will only cause lockdep to explicitly warn on it.
> As previously mentioned, copy_from_user should return -EFAULT, since the VMAs are marked with VM_IO. It should not recurse into fault(), so evil user-space looses.
>> You can make a complicated user program to test this, or simply use this function for debugging:
>> void ttm_might_fault(void) { struct reservation_object obj; reservation_object_init(&obj); ww_mutex_lock(&obj.lock, NULL); ww_mutex_unlock(&obj.lock); reservation_object_fini(&obj); }
>> Put it near every instance of copy_to_user/copy_from_user and you'll find the bugs. :)
> I'm still not convinced that there are any problems with this solution. Did you take what's said above into account?
> Now, could we try to approach this based on pros and cons? Let's say we would be able to choose locking order without doing anything ugly. I'd put it like this:
> mmap_sem->bo_reserve:
> Good: Native locking order of VM subsystem. Good if we in the future will need to reserve in mmap().
> Bad: pwrite, pread, copy_to user, copy_from_user usage needs a slowpath that releases all locking, which has to be done in multiple places in multiple drivers. Grabbing the mmap_sem and then waiting for multiple possibly sleeping bo_reserves in slow paths will stall VMA write operations for this MM.
I think the good offsets the bad a million times here. Just because it's harder.

> bo_reserve->mmap_sem:
> Good: Natural locking order for all driver ioctls. Slowpath needs to be done in a single place, in common code.
> Bad: Bad if we ever need to perform bo_reserve in mmap.
Considering you're open coding a mutex_lock with the reserve/unreserve+trylock, I think this is a horrible approach. The possibility of a deadlock still exists too. :(
> In my view we have a clear winner. Given the problems i915 had when converting their driver, and the bashing they had to withstand, we have an even clearer winner.
> And then we need to take into account that, (given that I understand things correctly) lockdep will complain because it thinks there is a recursion that will never happen.
> That will make the bo_reserve->mmap_sem solution look bad, but is this really enough to justify giving it up?
> /Thomas

More information about the dri-devel mailing list