[Intel-gfx] [PATCH v2 00/22] Enable gpu switching on the MacBook Pro

Lukas Wunner lukas at wunner.de
Wed Aug 12 16:37:11 PDT 2015

Hi Daniel,

On Wed, Aug 12, 2015 at 04:16:25PM +0200, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> > * Reprobing if the inactive GPU initializes before the apple-gmux module:
> >   v1 used Matthew Garrett's approach of adding a driver callback.
> >   v2 simply generates a hotplug event instead. nouveau polls its outputs
> >   every 10 seconds so we want it to poll immediately once apple-gmux
> >   registers. That is achieved by the hotplug event. The i915 driver is
> >   changed to behave identically to nouveau. (Right now it deletes LVDS
> >   and eDP connectors from the mode configuration if they can't be probed,
> >   deeming them to be ghosts.)
> I thought -EDEFERREDPROBE is what we should be using if drivers don't get
> loaded in the right order? Hand-rolling depency avoidance stuff is imo a
> horrible idea.
> I think just reading edid and the relevant dp aux data in apple-gmux or
> somewhere like that and stalling driver load until that's ready is the
> only clean option.

I'm afraid we can't stall initialization of a driver like that because
even though the GPU may not be switched to the panel, it may still have
an external monitor attached.

All MacBook Pros have external DP and/or HDMI ports and these are
either soldered to the discrete GPU (model year 2011 and onwards)
or switchable between the discrete and integrated GPU (until 2010;
I think they are even switchable separately from the panel).

So basically we'd have to initialize the driver normally, and if
intel_lvds_init() or intel_edp_init_connector() fail we'd have to
somehow pass that up the call chain so that i915_pci_probe() can
return -EPROBE_DEFER. And whenever we're asked to reprobe we'd
repeat initialization of the LVDS or eDP connector.

I'm wondering what the benefit is compared to just keeping the
connector in the mode configuration, but with status disconnected,
and reprobing it when the ->output_poll_changed callback gets invoked?
Because that's what nouveau already does, and what I've changed i915
to do with patch 13.

vga_switcheroo calls drm_kms_helper_hotplug_event() when the handler
registers (patch 11), which will invoke ->output_poll_changed.
So we're talking about the Official DRM Callback [tm] to probe
outputs, not "hand-rolling depency avoidance". :-)

> > * Framebuffer recreation if the inactive GPU initializes before the
> >   apple-gmux module (i.e. discarding the default 1024x768 fb and replacing
> >   with a new one with the actual panel resolution): v1 only supported this
> >   for i915, v2 has a generic solution which works with nouveau and radeon
> >   as well. (Necessary if the discrete GPU is forced to be the inactive one
> >   on boot via the EFI variable.)
> Would completely remove the need for this ;-)

Unfortunately not: We'd still have to initialize the driver to be able
to drive external displays. If there are initially no connectors with
modes, we'll once again end up with the 1024x768 fb.

> You can't share the dp aux like that. It's true that we need a bit more
> data (there's a few eDP related feature blocsk we need), but sharing the
> aux channel entirely is no-go. If you do you get drivers trying to link
> train and at best this fails and at worst you'll upset the configuration
> of the other driver and piss of the panel enough to need a hard reset
> until it works again.

Yes, so far proxying of the AUX channel is read-only. In those cases
when writing is necessary for setting up the output, I'm adding code
to check if the current content of the DPCD is identical to what's
being written and if so, skip the write. We'll see if this stategy is
sufficient for the drivers to set up their outputs.

> I think the real tricky bit here with vgaswitcheroo is locking, I need to
> take a separate lock at the patches for that.

Locking when switching only the DDC lines is facilitated by the ddc_lock
attribute of struct vgasr_priv. This is all local to vga_switcheroo.c
and contained in patches 5 and 6.

Locking when proxying the AUX channel is facilitated by the hw_mutex
attribute of struct drm_dp_aux. nouveau has its own locking mechanism
contained in drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/subdev/i2c/pad*.c. Thus,
when proxying via nouveau, there are two locking mechanisms at work
(drm_dp_aux hw_mutex as outer lock + pad as inner lock). This is
nothing introduced by this patch set, all existing code.

Locking of access to the struct vgasr_priv is facilitated by the
vgasr_mutex in vga_switcheroo.c. Also existing code.

Best regards,


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