[PATCH 03/33] HACK: drm/omap: fix memory barrier bug in DMM driver

Tomi Valkeinen tomi.valkeinen at ti.com
Fri Feb 19 09:47:38 UTC 2016

A DMM timeout "timed out waiting for done" has been observed on DRA7
devices. The timeout happens rarely, and only when the system is under
heavy load.

Debugging showed that the timeout can be made to happen much more
frequently by optimizing the DMM driver, so that there's almost no code
between writing the last DMM descriptors to RAM, and writing to DMM
register which starts the DMM transaction.

The current theory is that a wmb() does not properly ensure that the
data written to RAM is observable by all the components in the system.

This DMM timeout has caused interesting (and rare) bugs as the error
handling was not functioning properly (the error handling has been fixed
in previous commits):

 * If a DMM timeout happened when a GEM buffer was being pinned for
   display on the screen, a timeout error would be shown, but the driver
   would continue programming DSS HW with broken buffer, leading to
   SYNCLOST floods and possible crashes.

 * If a DMM timeout happened when other user (say, video decoder) was
   pinning a GEM buffer, a timeout would be shown but if the user
   handled the error properly, no other issues followed.

 * If a DMM timeout happened when a GEM buffer was being released, the
   driver does not even notice the error, leading to crashes or hang

This patch adds wmb() and readl() calls after the last bit is written to
RAM, which should ensure that the execution proceeds only after the data
is actually in RAM, and thus observable by DMM.

This patch is a HACK, as a read-back should not be needed. Further study
is required to understand if DMM is somehow special case and read-back
is ok, or if DRA7's memory barriers do not work correctly.

Signed-off-by: Tomi Valkeinen <tomi.valkeinen at ti.com>
 drivers/gpu/drm/omapdrm/omap_dmm_tiler.c | 11 +++++++++++
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/omapdrm/omap_dmm_tiler.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/omapdrm/omap_dmm_tiler.c
index 80526dec7b2c..4e04f9487375 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/omapdrm/omap_dmm_tiler.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/omapdrm/omap_dmm_tiler.c
@@ -262,6 +262,17 @@ static int dmm_txn_commit(struct dmm_txn *txn, bool wait)
 	txn->last_pat->next_pa = 0;
+	/* ensure that the written descriptors are visible to DMM */
+	wmb();
+	/*
+	 * NOTE: the wmb() above should be enough, but there seems to be a bug
+	 * in OMAP's memory barrier implementation, which in some rare cases may
+	 * cause the writes not to be observable after wmb().
+	 */
+	/* read back to ensure the data is in RAM */
+	readl(&txn->last_pat->next_pa);
 	/* write to PAT_DESCR to clear out any pending transaction */
 	writel(0x0, dmm->base + reg[PAT_DESCR][engine->id]);

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