DRM_FORMAT_* byte order (was: Re: [PATCH] drm: virtio: fix virtio_gpu_cursor_formats)

Ville Syrjälä ville.syrjala at linux.intel.com
Thu Apr 6 17:27:47 UTC 2017

On Thu, Apr 06, 2017 at 10:29:43AM +0200, Gerd Hoffmann wrote:
>   Hi,
> > >  static const uint32_t virtio_gpu_cursor_formats[] = {
> > > +#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
> > > +	DRM_FORMAT_BGRA8888,
> > > +#else
> > >  	DRM_FORMAT_ARGB8888,
> > > +#endif
> > 
> > DRM formats are supposed to be little endian, so this isn't really
> > correct.
> Well, maybe they where *intended* to be little endian at some point in
> the past.  The actual code appears to interpret them as native endian
> though.
> Lets take a simple example, the bochs driver (qemu sdvga).  It supports
> 32 bpp with depth 24 (DRM_FORMAT_XRGB8888) as the one and only
> framebuffer format (see bochs_user_framebuffer_create).  We still had to
> add a special register to the virtual hardware so the guest can signal
> to the host whenever the framebuffer is big endian or little endian (see
> bochs_hw_init), so both ppc64 and ppc64le guests work properly with the
> qemu stdvga.
> So, bigendian guests assume that DRM_FORMAT_XRGB8888 is big endian not
> little endian.  And given that the fourcc codes are used in the
> userspace/kernel API too (see DRM_IOCTL_MODE_ADDFB2) I think we can't
> change that any more ...

Sigh. That makes mixed endian systems pretty much hopeless :(
It's a shame people didn't read the docuemntation.

It's also doubly disappointing because eg. the more standardized YUV
formats are definitely little endian as far the official fourccs are
concerned. So if we now make everything follow the host endianness
these things become a huge mess for anyone wanting to do video
playback etc.

Oh well, at least I tried to make it sane from the start. I'll just
go back to my blissful little endian world now.

Ville Syrjälä
Intel OTC

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