[PATCH v3 2/2] drm/nouveau: tegra: Detach from ARM DMA/IOMMU mapping

Robin Murphy robin.murphy at arm.com
Wed May 30 13:46:50 UTC 2018

On 30/05/18 14:41, Thierry Reding wrote:
> On Wed, May 30, 2018 at 02:30:51PM +0100, Robin Murphy wrote:
>> On 30/05/18 14:00, Thierry Reding wrote:
>>> On Wed, May 30, 2018 at 11:30:25AM +0100, Robin Murphy wrote:
>>>> On 30/05/18 09:03, Thierry Reding wrote:
>>>>> From: Thierry Reding <treding at nvidia.com>
>>>>> Depending on the kernel configuration, early ARM architecture setup code
>>>>> may have attached the GPU to a DMA/IOMMU mapping that transparently uses
>>>>> the IOMMU to back the DMA API. Tegra requires special handling for IOMMU
>>>>> backed buffers (a special bit in the GPU's MMU page tables indicates the
>>>>> memory path to take: via the SMMU or directly to the memory controller).
>>>>> Transparently backing DMA memory with an IOMMU prevents Nouveau from
>>>>> properly handling such memory accesses and causes memory access faults.
>>>>> As a side-note: buffers other than those allocated in instance memory
>>>>> don't need to be physically contiguous from the GPU's perspective since
>>>>> the GPU can map them into contiguous buffers using its own MMU. Mapping
>>>>> these buffers through the IOMMU is unnecessary and will even lead to
>>>>> performance degradation because of the additional translation. One
>>>>> exception to this are compressible buffers which need large pages. In
>>>>> order to enable these large pages, multiple small pages will have to be
>>>>> combined into one large (I/O virtually contiguous) mapping via the
>>>>> IOMMU. However, that is a topic outside the scope of this fix and isn't
>>>>> currently supported. An implementation will want to explicitly create
>>>>> these large pages in the Nouveau driver, so detaching from a DMA/IOMMU
>>>>> mapping would still be required.
>>>> I wonder if it might make sense to have a hook in iommu_attach_device() to
>>>> notify the arch DMA API code when moving devices between unmanaged and DMA
>>>> ops domains? That seems like it might be the most low-impact way to address
>>>> the overall problem long-term.
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <treding at nvidia.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>> Changes in v3:
>>>>> - clarify the use of IOMMU mapping for compressible buffers
>>>>> - squash multiple patches into this
>>>>>     drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/engine/device/tegra.c | 5 +++++
>>>>>     1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/engine/device/tegra.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/engine/device/tegra.c
>>>>> index 78597da6313a..d0538af1b967 100644
>>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/engine/device/tegra.c
>>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nvkm/engine/device/tegra.c
>>>>> @@ -105,6 +105,11 @@ nvkm_device_tegra_probe_iommu(struct nvkm_device_tegra *tdev)
>>>>>     	unsigned long pgsize_bitmap;
>>>>>     	int ret;
>>>> Wouldn't CONFIG_ARM_DMA_USE_IOMMU be even more appropriate?
>>> Not necessarily. arm_dma_iommu_detach_device() is always defined on ARM,
>>> only with CONFIG_ARM_DMA_USE_IOMMU=n it will be empty. So this check is
>>> a guard to make sure we don't call the function when it isn't available,
>>> but it may still not do anything.
>> Calling a function under condition A, which only does anything under
>> condition B, when B depends on A, is identical in behaviour to only calling
>> the function under condition B, except needlessly harder to follow.
>>>>> +	/* make sure we can use the IOMMU exclusively */
>>>>> +	arm_dma_iommu_detach_device(dev);
>>>> As before, I would just use the existing infrastructure the same way the
>>>> Exynos DRM driver currently does in __exynos_iommu_attach() (albeit without
>>>> then reattaching to another DMA ops mapping).
>>> That's pretty much what I initially did and which was shot down by
>>> Christoph. As I said earlier, at this point I don't really care what
>>> color the shed will be. Can you and Christoph come to an agreement
>>> on what it should be?
>> What I was getting at is that arm_iommu_detach_device() already *is* the
>> exact function Christoph was asking for, it just needs a minor fix instead
>> of adding explicit set_dma_ops() fiddling at its callsites which only
>> obfuscates the fact that it's supposed to be responsible for resetting the
>> device's DMA ops already.
> It still has the downside of callers having to explicitly check for the
> existence of a mapping, otherwise they'll cause a warning to be printed
> to the kernel log.

Or we could look at the way it's actually used, and reconsider whether 
the warning is really appropriate. That's always an option ;)


> That's not all that bad, though. I'll prepare version 4 with those
> changes.
> Thierry

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