[PATCH v3] pci: prevent putting nvidia GPUs into lower device states on certain intel bridges

Bjorn Helgaas helgaas at kernel.org
Wed Oct 16 22:03:33 UTC 2019

On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 11:48:22PM +0200, Karol Herbst wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 11:37 PM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas at kernel.org> wrote:
> > On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 09:18:32PM +0200, Karol Herbst wrote:
> > > but setting the PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3 flag does prevent using the
> > > platform means of putting the device into D3cold, right? That's
> > > actually what should still happen, just the D3hot step should be
> > > skipped.
> >
> > If I understand correctly, when we put a device in D3cold on an ACPI
> > system, we do something like this:
> >
> >   pci_set_power_state(D3cold)
> >     if (PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3)
> >       return 0                                   <-- nothing at all if quirked
> >     pci_raw_set_power_state
> >       pci_write_config_word(PCI_PM_CTRL, D3hot)  <-- set to D3hot
> >     __pci_complete_power_transition(D3cold)
> >       pci_platform_power_transition(D3cold)
> >         platform_pci_set_power_state(D3cold)
> >           acpi_pci_set_power_state(D3cold)
> >             acpi_device_set_power(ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD)
> >               ...
> >                 acpi_evaluate_object("_OFF")     <-- set to D3cold
> >
> > I did not understand the connection with platform (ACPI) power
> > management from your patch.  It sounds like you want this entire path
> > except that you want to skip the PCI_PM_CTRL write?
> >
> exactly. I am running with this workaround for a while now and never
> had any fails with it anymore. The GPU gets turned off correctly and I
> see the same power savings, just that the GPU can be powered on again.
> > That seems like something Rafael should weigh in on.  I don't know
> > why we set the device to D3hot with PCI_PM_CTRL before using the ACPI
> > methods, and I don't know what the effect of skipping that is.  It
> > seems a little messy to slice out this tiny piece from the middle, but
> > maybe it makes sense.
> >
> afaik when I was talking with others in the past about it, Windows is
> doing that before using ACPI calls, but maybe they have some similar
> workarounds for certain intel bridges as well? I am sure it affects
> more than the one I am blacklisting here, but I rather want to check
> each device before blacklisting all kabylake and sky lake bridges (as
> those are the ones were this issue can be observed).

>From a quick look at the ACPI spec, I didn't see conditions like "OSPM
must put PCI devices in D3hot before executing _OFF".  But obviously
there's *some* reason and I probably just missed it.

> Sadly we had no luck getting any information about such workaround out
> of Nvidia or Intel.

I'm not surprised; it doesn't seem like we really have the details
needed to get to a root cause yet.  I think what we really need is a
PCIe analyzer trace to see what happens when the device "falls off the


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