[PATCH v2] dma-buf: fix use-after-free in dmabuffs_dname

Charan Teja Reddy charante at codeaurora.org
Fri May 8 06:41:03 UTC 2020

The following race occurs while accessing the dmabuf object exported as
P1				P2
dma_buf_release()          dmabuffs_dname()
			   [say lsof reading /proc/<P1 pid>/fd/<num>]

			   read dmabuf stored in dentry->d_fsdata
Free the dmabuf object
			   Start accessing the dmabuf structure

In the above description, the dmabuf object freed in P1 is being
accessed from P2 which is resulting into the use-after-free. Below is
the dump stack reported.

We are reading the dmabuf object stored in the dentry->d_fsdata but
there is no binding between the dentry and the dmabuf which means that
the dmabuf can be freed while it is being read from ->d_fsdata and
inuse. Reviews on the patch V1 says that protecting the dmabuf inuse
with an extra refcount is not a viable solution as the exported dmabuf
is already under file's refcount and keeping the multiple refcounts on
the same object coordinated is not possible.

As we are reading the dmabuf in ->d_fsdata just to get the user passed
name, we can directly store the name in d_fsdata thus can avoid the
reading of dmabuf altogether.

Call Trace:

Fixes: bb2bb9030425 ("dma-buf: add DMA_BUF_SET_NAME ioctls")
Reported-by: syzbot+3643a18836bce555bff6 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Cc: <stable at vger.kernel.org> [5.3+]
Signed-off-by: Charan Teja Reddy <charante at codeaurora.org>

Changes in v2: 

- Pass the user passed name in ->d_fsdata instead of dmabuf
- Improve the commit message

Changes in v1: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11514063/)

 drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c | 17 ++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c
index 01ce125..0071f7d 100644
--- a/drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c
+++ b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/mount.h>
 #include <linux/pseudo_fs.h>
+#include <linux/dcache.h>
 #include <uapi/linux/dma-buf.h>
 #include <uapi/linux/magic.h>
@@ -40,15 +41,13 @@ struct dma_buf_list {
 static char *dmabuffs_dname(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, int buflen)
-	struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
 	char name[DMA_BUF_NAME_LEN];
 	size_t ret = 0;
-	dmabuf = dentry->d_fsdata;
-	dma_resv_lock(dmabuf->resv, NULL);
-	if (dmabuf->name)
-		ret = strlcpy(name, dmabuf->name, DMA_BUF_NAME_LEN);
-	dma_resv_unlock(dmabuf->resv);
+	spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+	if (dentry->d_fsdata)
+		ret = strlcpy(name, dentry->d_fsdata, DMA_BUF_NAME_LEN);
+	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
 	return dynamic_dname(dentry, buffer, buflen, "/%s:%s",
 			     dentry->d_name.name, ret > 0 ? name : "");
@@ -80,12 +79,16 @@ static int dma_buf_fs_init_context(struct fs_context *fc)
 static int dma_buf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
+	struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
 	if (!is_dma_buf_file(file))
 		return -EINVAL;
 	dmabuf = file->private_data;
+	spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+	dentry->d_fsdata = NULL;
+	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
@@ -343,6 +346,7 @@ static long dma_buf_set_name(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, const char __user *buf)
 	dmabuf->name = name;
+	dmabuf->file->f_path.dentry->d_fsdata = name;
@@ -446,7 +450,6 @@ static struct file *dma_buf_getfile(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, int flags)
 		goto err_alloc_file;
 	file->f_flags = flags & (O_ACCMODE | O_NONBLOCK);
 	file->private_data = dmabuf;
-	file->f_path.dentry->d_fsdata = dmabuf;
 	return file;
QUALCOMM INDIA, on behalf of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a
member of the Code Aurora Forum, hosted by The Linux Foundation

More information about the dri-devel mailing list