[PATCH v5 27/38] xen: gntdev: fix common struct sg_table related issues

Marek Szyprowski m.szyprowski at samsung.com
Wed May 13 13:32:34 UTC 2020

The Documentation/DMA-API-HOWTO.txt states that the dma_map_sg() function
returns the number of the created entries in the DMA address space.
However the subsequent calls to the dma_sync_sg_for_{device,cpu}() and
dma_unmap_sg must be called with the original number of the entries
passed to the dma_map_sg().

struct sg_table is a common structure used for describing a non-contiguous
memory buffer, used commonly in the DRM and graphics subsystems. It
consists of a scatterlist with memory pages and DMA addresses (sgl entry),
as well as the number of scatterlist entries: CPU pages (orig_nents entry)
and DMA mapped pages (nents entry).

It turned out that it was a common mistake to misuse nents and orig_nents
entries, calling DMA-mapping functions with a wrong number of entries or
ignoring the number of mapped entries returned by the dma_map_sg()

To avoid such issues, lets use a common dma-mapping wrappers operating
directly on the struct sg_table objects and use scatterlist page
iterators where possible. This, almost always, hides references to the
nents and orig_nents entries, making the code robust, easier to follow
and copy/paste safe.

Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski at samsung.com>
For more information, see '[PATCH v5 00/38] DRM: fix struct sg_table nents
vs. orig_nents misuse' thread:
 drivers/xen/gntdev-dmabuf.c | 13 ++++++-------
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/xen/gntdev-dmabuf.c b/drivers/xen/gntdev-dmabuf.c
index 75d3bb9..ba6cad8 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/gntdev-dmabuf.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/gntdev-dmabuf.c
@@ -247,10 +247,9 @@ static void dmabuf_exp_ops_detach(struct dma_buf *dma_buf,
 		if (sgt) {
 			if (gntdev_dmabuf_attach->dir != DMA_NONE)
-				dma_unmap_sg_attrs(attach->dev, sgt->sgl,
-						   sgt->nents,
-						   gntdev_dmabuf_attach->dir,
+				dma_unmap_sgtable(attach->dev, sgt,
+						  gntdev_dmabuf_attach->dir,
@@ -288,8 +287,8 @@ static void dmabuf_exp_ops_detach(struct dma_buf *dma_buf,
 	sgt = dmabuf_pages_to_sgt(gntdev_dmabuf->pages,
 	if (!IS_ERR(sgt)) {
-		if (!dma_map_sg_attrs(attach->dev, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, dir,
-				      DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) {
+		if (dma_map_sgtable(attach->dev, sgt, dir,
 			sgt = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
@@ -625,7 +624,7 @@ static struct gntdev_dmabuf *dmabuf_imp_alloc_storage(int count)
 	/* Now convert sgt to array of pages and check for page validity. */
 	i = 0;
-	for_each_sg_page(sgt->sgl, &sg_iter, sgt->nents, 0) {
+	for_each_sgtable_page(sgt, &sg_iter, 0) {
 		struct page *page = sg_page_iter_page(&sg_iter);
 		 * Check if page is valid: this can happen if we are given

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