[PATCH v5 35/38] rapidio: fix common struct sg_table related issues

Marek Szyprowski m.szyprowski at samsung.com
Wed May 13 13:32:42 UTC 2020

The Documentation/DMA-API-HOWTO.txt states that the dma_map_sg() function
returns the number of the created entries in the DMA address space.
However the subsequent calls to the dma_sync_sg_for_{device,cpu}() and
dma_unmap_sg must be called with the original number of the entries
passed to the dma_map_sg().

struct sg_table is a common structure used for describing a non-contiguous
memory buffer, used commonly in the DRM and graphics subsystems. It
consists of a scatterlist with memory pages and DMA addresses (sgl entry),
as well as the number of scatterlist entries: CPU pages (orig_nents entry)
and DMA mapped pages (nents entry).

It turned out that it was a common mistake to misuse nents and orig_nents
entries, calling DMA-mapping functions with a wrong number of entries or
ignoring the number of mapped entries returned by the dma_map_sg()

To avoid such issues, lets use a common dma-mapping wrappers operating
directly on the struct sg_table objects and use scatterlist page
iterators where possible. This, almost always, hides references to the
nents and orig_nents entries, making the code robust, easier to follow
and copy/paste safe.

Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski at samsung.com>
For more information, see '[PATCH v5 00/38] DRM: fix struct sg_table nents
vs. orig_nents misuse' thread:
 drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c | 8 +++-----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c b/drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c
index 4029637..92d8742 100644
--- a/drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c
+++ b/drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c
@@ -574,8 +574,7 @@ static void dma_req_free(struct kref *ref)
 	struct mport_cdev_priv *priv = req->priv;
 	unsigned int i;
-	dma_unmap_sg(req->dmach->device->dev,
-		     req->sgt.sgl, req->sgt.nents, req->dir);
+	dma_unmap_sgtable(req->dmach->device->dev, req->sgt, req->dir, 0);
 	if (req->page_list) {
 		for (i = 0; i < req->nr_pages; i++)
@@ -927,9 +926,8 @@ static int do_dma_request(struct mport_dma_req *req,
 				xfer->offset, xfer->length);
-	nents = dma_map_sg(chan->device->dev,
-			   req->sgt.sgl, req->sgt.nents, dir);
-	if (nents == 0) {
+	ret = dma_map_sgtable(chan->device->dev, req->sgt, dir, 0);
+	if (ret) {
 		rmcd_error("Failed to map SG list");
 		ret = -EFAULT;
 		goto err_pg;

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