How to correctly timestamp buffers in an appsrc element

J. Krieg bellum07 at
Fri Nov 20 14:47:40 UTC 2020


I’m currently working on an application to display live TV using
GStreamer on a Raspberry Pi 2B.

Therefore I use two appsrc elements (one for video and one for audio)
which are reading PES packets in 2 separate threads directly from the
V4L DVB demux device ‘/dev/dvb/adapter0/demux0’.
My current test pipelines are:

  V4L DVB demux (DMX_OUT_TAP) -> appsrc ! h264parse ! v4l2h264dec !
queue ! kmssink
  V4L DVB demux (DMX_OUT_TAP) -> appsrc ! mpegaudioparse !
mpg123audiodec ! queue ! alsasink

I managed to get this working without timestamping the buffers at all
in both appsrc elements but then video and audio isn't synchronous.

I tried to implement timestamping the buffers according to
But when doing this I get slightly stuttering video and extremely
stuttering or no audio.

What I'm also struggling with is that in the link above the following is said:
"In live mode, you should timestamp the buffers with the pipeline
running-time when the first byte of the buffer was captured before
feeding them to appsrc."

But according to my tests the pipeline only changes its state from
PAUSED to PLAYING (where the clock of the pipeline is only available)
after some captured buffers have already fed into the pipeline.
So how could the buffers be timestamped with the running time the very
first time before they have been put into the pipeline which is in a
PAUSED state to get video and audio synchronous?

What am I doing wrong?
Any help or pointing in the right direction would be really appreciated.


// Create a new empty buffer
gbuffer = gst_buffer_new_allocate(NULL, rc, NULL);

// Timestamp buffer
if (((CustomData *)data)->pipelineclock) {
    pipeline_clock_time = gst_clock_get_time(((CustomData
    pipeline_running_time = pipeline_clock_time - g_pipeline_base_time;
    GST_BUFFER_PTS(gbuffer) = pipeline_running_time;
    GST_BUFFER_DURATION(gbuffer) = pipeline_running_time -
    g_last_pipeline_running_time_a = pipeline_running_time;
    printf("*** DEBUG *** dmx_read_a | pipeline running timestamp for
audio is in ns: %lld\n", pipeline_running_time);
} else {
    printf("*** DEBUG *** dmx_read_a | Sorry, pipelineclock NOT

// Fill data into buffer
bc = gst_buffer_fill(gbuffer, 0, buf, rc);

// Push the buffer into the appsrc
g_signal_emit_by_name (((CustomData *)data)->aappsrc, "push-buffer",
gbuffer, &rb);

// Free the buffer now that we are done with it
gst_buffer_unref (gbuffer);

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