[PATCH 9/9] drm/i915/scheduler: Support user-defined priorities

Chris Wilson chris at chris-wilson.co.uk
Tue Oct 3 19:57:55 UTC 2017


Use a priority stored in the context as the initial value when
submitting a request. This allows us to change the default priority on a
per-context basis, allowing different contexts to be favoured with GPU
time at the expense of lower importance work. The user can adjust the
context's priority via I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_PRIORITY, with more positive
values being higher priority (they will be serviced earlier, after their
dependencies have been resolved). Any prerequisite work for an execbuf
will have its priority raised to match the new request as required.

Normal users can specify any value in the range of -1023 to 0 [default],
i.e. they can reduce the priority of their workloads (and temporarily
boost it back to normal if so desired).

Privileged users can specify any value in the range of -1023 to 1023,
[default is 0], i.e. they can raise their priority above all overs and
so potentially starve the system.

Note that the existing schedulers are not fair, nor load balancing, the
execution is strictly by priority on a first-come, first-served basis,
and the driver may choose to boost some requests above the range
available to users.

This priority was originally based around nice(2), but evolved to allow
clients to adjust their priority within a small range, and allow for a
privileged high priority range.

For example, this can be used to implement EGL_IMG_context_priority
https://www.khronos.org/registry/egl/extensions/IMG/EGL_IMG_context_priority.txt

	EGL_CONTEXT_PRIORITY_LEVEL_IMG determines the priority level of
        the context to be created. This attribute is a hint, as an
        implementation may not support multiple contexts at some
        priority levels and system policy may limit access to high
        priority contexts to appropriate system privilege level. The
        default value for EGL_CONTEXT_PRIORITY_LEVEL_IMG is
        EGL_CONTEXT_PRIORITY_MEDIUM_IMG."

so we can map

	PRIORITY_HIGH -> 1023 [privileged, will failback to 0]
	PRIORITY_MED -> 0 [default]
	PRIORITY_LOW -> -1023

They also map onto the priorities used by VkQueue (and a VkQueue is
essentially a timeline, our i915_gem_context under full-ppgtt).

v2: s/CAP_SYS_ADMIN/CAP_SYS_NICE/
v3: Report min/max user priorities as defines in the uapi, and rebase
internal priorities on the exposed values.

Testcase: igt/gem_exec_schedule
Signed-off-by: Chris Wilson <chris at chris-wilson.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: Tvrtko Ursulin <tvrtko.ursulin at intel.com>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.c         |  1 +
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_request.h | 14 ++++++++++----
 include/uapi/drm/i915_drm.h             |  7 +++++++
 4 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.c
index 4d5a22485848..4f9a3d84e194 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.c
@@ -370,6 +370,7 @@ static int i915_getparam(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
 		value = 0;
 		if (dev_priv->engine[RCS] && dev_priv->engine[RCS]->schedule) {
 			value |= I915_SCHEDULER_CAP_ENABLED;
+			value |= I915_SCHEDULER_CAP_PRIORITY;
 
 			if (INTEL_INFO(dev_priv)->has_logical_ring_preemption &&
 			    i915_modparams.enable_execlists &&
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
index f299b0a7c765..a2ed5fbef351 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
@@ -1070,6 +1070,9 @@ int i915_gem_context_getparam_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
 	case I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_BANNABLE:
 		args->value = i915_gem_context_is_bannable(ctx);
 		break;
+	case I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_PRIORITY:
+		args->value = ctx->priority;
+		break;
 	default:
 		ret = -EINVAL;
 		break;
@@ -1125,6 +1128,26 @@ int i915_gem_context_setparam_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
 		else
 			i915_gem_context_clear_bannable(ctx);
 		break;
+
+	case I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_PRIORITY:
+		{
+			int priority = args->value;
+
+			if (args->size)
+				ret = -EINVAL;
+			else if (!to_i915(dev)->engine[RCS]->schedule)
+				ret = -ENODEV;
+			else if (priority > I915_CONTEXT_MAX_USER_PRIORITY ||
+				 priority < I915_CONTEXT_MIN_USER_PRIORITY)
+				ret = -EINVAL;
+			else if (priority > I915_CONTEXT_DEFAULT_PRIORITY &&
+				 !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE))
+				ret = -EPERM;
+			else
+				ctx->priority = priority;
+		}
+		break;
+
 	default:
 		ret = -EINVAL;
 		break;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_request.h b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_request.h
index 6b9e992d01de..26249f39de67 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_request.h
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_request.h
@@ -30,6 +30,8 @@
 #include "i915_gem.h"
 #include "i915_sw_fence.h"
 
+#include <uapi/drm/i915_drm.h>
+
 struct drm_file;
 struct drm_i915_gem_object;
 struct drm_i915_gem_request;
@@ -69,10 +71,14 @@ struct i915_priotree {
 	struct list_head waiters_list; /* those after us, they depend upon us */
 	struct list_head link;
 	int priority;
-#define I915_PRIORITY_MAX 1024
-#define I915_PRIORITY_NORMAL 0
-#define I915_PRIORITY_MIN (-I915_PRIORITY_MAX)
-#define I915_PRIORITY_INVALID INT_MIN
+};
+
+enum {
+	I915_PRIORITY_MIN = I915_CONTEXT_MIN_USER_PRIORITY - 1,
+	I915_PRIORITY_NORMAL = I915_CONTEXT_DEFAULT_PRIORITY,
+	I915_PRIORITY_MAX = I915_CONTEXT_MAX_USER_PRIORITY + 1,
+
+	I915_PRIORITY_INVALID = INT_MIN
 };
 
 struct i915_gem_capture_list {
diff --git a/include/uapi/drm/i915_drm.h b/include/uapi/drm/i915_drm.h
index aa4a3b20ef6b..7266b53191ee 100644
--- a/include/uapi/drm/i915_drm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/drm/i915_drm.h
@@ -402,6 +402,9 @@ typedef struct drm_i915_irq_wait {
  * priorities and the driver will attempt to execute batches in priority order.
  * The param returns a capability bitmask, nonzero implies that the scheduler
  * is enabled, with different features present according to the mask.
+ *
+ * The initial priority for each batch is supplied by the context and is
+ * controlled via I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_PRIORITY.
  */
 #define I915_PARAM_HAS_SCHEDULER	 41
 #define   I915_SCHEDULER_CAP_ENABLED	(1ul << 0)
@@ -1367,6 +1370,10 @@ struct drm_i915_gem_context_param {
 #define I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_GTT_SIZE	0x3
 #define I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_NO_ERROR_CAPTURE	0x4
 #define I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_BANNABLE	0x5
+#define I915_CONTEXT_PARAM_PRIORITY	0x6
+#define   I915_CONTEXT_MAX_USER_PRIORITY	1023 /* inclusive */
+#define   I915_CONTEXT_DEFAULT_PRIORITY		0
+#define   I915_CONTEXT_MIN_USER_PRIORITY	-1023 /* inclusive */
 	__u64 value;
 };
 
-- 
2.14.2



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