[Intel-gfx] [PATCH v4] drm/i915: Clean up associated VMAs on context destruction

Tvrtko Ursulin tvrtko.ursulin at linux.intel.com
Mon Oct 5 05:26:36 PDT 2015

From: Tvrtko Ursulin <tvrtko.ursulin at intel.com>

Prevent leaking VMAs and PPGTT VMs when objects are imported
via flink.

Scenario is that any VMAs created by the importer will be left
dangling after the importer exits, or destroys the PPGTT context
with which they are associated.

This is caused by object destruction not running when the
importer closes the buffer object handle due the reference held
by the exporter. This also leaks the VM since the VMA has a
reference on it.

In practice these leaks can be observed by stopping and starting
the X server on a kernel with fbcon compiled in. Every time
X server exits another VMA will be leaked against the fbcon's
frame buffer object.

Also on systems where flink buffer sharing is used extensively,
like Android, this leak has even more serious consequences.

This version is takes a general approach from the  earlier work
by Rafael Barbalho (drm/i915: Clean-up PPGTT on context
destruction) and tries to incorporate the subsequent discussion
between Chris Wilson and Daniel Vetter.


Removed immediate cleanup on object retire - it was causing a
recursive VMA unbind via i915_gem_object_wait_rendering. And
it is in fact not even needed since by definition context
cleanup worker runs only after the last context reference has
been dropped, hence all VMAs against the VM belonging to the
context are already on the inactive list.


Previous version could deadlock since VMA unbind waits on any
rendering on an object to complete. Objects can be busy in a
different VM which would mean that the cleanup loop would do
the wait with the struct mutex held.

This is an even simpler approach where we just unbind VMAs
without waiting since we know all VMAs belonging to this VM
are idle, and there is nothing in flight, at the point
context destructor runs.


Double underscore prefix for __915_vma_unbind_no_wait and a
commit message typo fix. (Michel Thierry)

Signed-off-by: Tvrtko Ursulin <tvrtko.ursulin at intel.com>
Testcase: igt/gem_ppgtt.c/flink-and-exit-vma-leak
Reviewed-by: Michel Thierry <michel.thierry at intel.com>
Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter at ffwll.ch>
Cc: Chris Wilson <chris at chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: Rafael Barbalho <rafael.barbalho at intel.com>
Cc: Michel Thierry <michel.thierry at intel.com>
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.h         |  5 +++++
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c         | 20 ++++++++++++++++----
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.h b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.h
index 824e7245044d..58afa1bb2957 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.h
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_drv.h
@@ -2840,6 +2840,11 @@ i915_gem_object_ggtt_pin(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj,
 int i915_vma_bind(struct i915_vma *vma, enum i915_cache_level cache_level,
 		  u32 flags);
 int __must_check i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma);
+ * BEWARE: Do not use the function below unless you can _absolutely_
+ * _guarantee_ VMA in question is _not in use_ anywhere.
+ */
+int __must_check __i915_vma_unbind_no_wait(struct i915_vma *vma);
 int i915_gem_object_put_pages(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj);
 void i915_gem_release_all_mmaps(struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv);
 void i915_gem_release_mmap(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj);
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
index f0cfbb9ee12c..52642aff1dab 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
@@ -3208,7 +3208,7 @@ static void i915_gem_object_finish_gtt(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj)
-int i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma)
+static int __i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma, bool wait)
 	struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj = vma->obj;
 	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = obj->base.dev->dev_private;
@@ -3227,9 +3227,11 @@ int i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma)
 	BUG_ON(obj->pages == NULL);
-	ret = i915_gem_object_wait_rendering(obj, false);
-	if (ret)
-		return ret;
+	if (wait) {
+		ret = i915_gem_object_wait_rendering(obj, false);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
 	if (i915_is_ggtt(vma->vm) &&
 	    vma->ggtt_view.type == I915_GGTT_VIEW_NORMAL) {
@@ -3274,6 +3276,16 @@ int i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma)
 	return 0;
+int i915_vma_unbind(struct i915_vma *vma)
+	return __i915_vma_unbind(vma, true);
+int __i915_vma_unbind_no_wait(struct i915_vma *vma)
+	return __i915_vma_unbind(vma, false);
 int i915_gpu_idle(struct drm_device *dev)
 	struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = dev->dev_private;
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
index 74aa0c9929ba..680b4c9f6b73 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem_context.c
@@ -133,6 +133,23 @@ static int get_context_size(struct drm_device *dev)
 	return ret;
+static void i915_gem_context_clean(struct intel_context *ctx)
+	struct i915_hw_ppgtt *ppgtt = ctx->ppgtt;
+	struct i915_vma *vma, *next;
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ppgtt))
+		return;
+	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&ppgtt->base.active_list));
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(vma, next, &ppgtt->base.inactive_list,
+				 mm_list) {
+		if (WARN_ON(__i915_vma_unbind_no_wait(vma)))
+			break;
+	}
 void i915_gem_context_free(struct kref *ctx_ref)
 	struct intel_context *ctx = container_of(ctx_ref, typeof(*ctx), ref);
@@ -142,6 +159,13 @@ void i915_gem_context_free(struct kref *ctx_ref)
 	if (i915.enable_execlists)
+	/*
+	 * This context is going away and we need to remove all VMAs still
+	 * around. This is to handle imported shared objects for which
+	 * destructor did not run when their handles were closed.
+	 */
+	i915_gem_context_clean(ctx);
 	if (ctx->legacy_hw_ctx.rcs_state)

More information about the Intel-gfx mailing list