[Intel-gfx] [PATCH v4 RESEND 3/5] drm/dp_helper: Retry aux transactions on all errors

Lyude cpaul at redhat.com
Mon Mar 28 14:33:24 UTC 2016

This is part of a patch series to migrate all of the workarounds for
commonly seen behavior from bad sinks in intel_dp_dpcd_read_wake() to
drm's DP helper.

We cannot rely on sinks NACKing or deferring when they can't receive
transactions, nor can we rely on any other sort of consistent error to
know when we should stop retrying. As such, we need to just retry
unconditionally on errors. We also make sure here to return the error we
encountered during the first transaction, since it's possible that
retrying the transaction might return a different error then we had

This, along with the previous patch, work around a weird bug with the
ThinkPad T560's and it's dock. When resuming the laptop, it appears that
there's a short period of time where we're unable to complete any aux
transactions, as they all immediately timeout. The only machine I'm able
to reproduce this on is the T560 as other production Skylake models seem
to be fine. The period during which AUX transactions fail appears to be
around 22ms long. AFAIK, the dock for the T560 never actually turns off,
the only difference is that it's in SST mode at the start of the resume
process, so it's unclear as to why it would need so much time to come
back up.

There's been a discussion on this issue going on for a while on the
intel-gfx mailing list about this that has, in addition to including
developers from Intel, also had the correspondence of one of the
hardware engineers for Intel:


We've already looked into a couple of possible explanations for the

- Calling intel_dp_mst_resume() before right fix.
  intel_runtime_pm_enable_interrupts(). This was the first fix I tried,
  and while it worked it definitely wasn't the right fix. This worked
  because DP aux transactions don't actually require interrupts to work:

	static uint32_t
	intel_dp_aux_wait_done(struct intel_dp *intel_dp, bool has_aux_irq)
		struct intel_digital_port *intel_dig_port = dp_to_dig_port(intel_dp);
		struct drm_device *dev = intel_dig_port->base.base.dev;
		struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = dev->dev_private;
		i915_reg_t ch_ctl = intel_dp->aux_ch_ctl_reg;
		uint32_t status;
		bool done;

	#define C (((status = I915_READ_NOTRACE(ch_ctl)) & DP_AUX_CH_CTL_SEND_BUSY) == 0)
		if (has_aux_irq)
			done = wait_event_timeout(dev_priv->gmbus_wait_queue, C,
			done = wait_for_atomic(C, 10) == 0;
		if (!done)
			DRM_ERROR("dp aux hw did not signal timeout (has irq: %i)!\n",
	#undef C

		return status;

  When there's no interrupts enabled, we end up timing out on the
  wait_event_timeout() call, which causes us to check the DP status
  register once to see if the transaction was successful or not. Since
  this adds a 10ms delay to each aux transaction, it ends up adding a
  long enough delay to the resume process for aux transactions to become
  functional again. This gave us the illusion that enabling interrupts
  had something to do with making things work again, and put me on the
  wrong track for a while.

- Interrupts occurring when we try to perform the aux transactions
  required to put the dock back into MST mode. This isn't the problem,
  as the only interrupts I've observed that come during this timeout
  period are from the snd_hda_intel driver, and disabling that driver
  doesn't appear to change the behavior at all.

- Skylake's PSR block causing issues by performing aux transactions
  while we try to bring the dock out of MST mode. Disabling PSR through
  i915's command line options doesn't seem to change the behavior
  either, nor does preventing the DMC firmware from being loaded.

Since this investigation went on for about 2 weeks, we decided it would
be better for the time being to just workaround this issue by making
sure AUX transactions wait a short period of time before retrying.

Signed-off-by: Lyude <cpaul at redhat.com>
 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_helper.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_helper.c
index 3b915e2..86656ca 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_helper.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_helper.c
@@ -178,8 +178,8 @@ static int drm_dp_dpcd_access(struct drm_dp_aux *aux, u8 request,
 			      unsigned int offset, void *buffer, size_t size)
 	struct drm_dp_aux_msg msg;
-	unsigned int retry;
-	int err = 0;
+	unsigned int retry, native_reply;
+	int err = 0, ret = 0;
 	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
 	msg.address = offset;
@@ -194,34 +194,37 @@ static int drm_dp_dpcd_access(struct drm_dp_aux *aux, u8 request,
 	 * sufficient, bump to 32 which makes Dell 4k monitors happier.
 	for (retry = 0; retry < 32; retry++) {
-		if (err != 0 && err != -ETIMEDOUT) {
+		if (ret != 0 && ret != -ETIMEDOUT) {
 				     AUX_RETRY_INTERVAL + 100);
-		err = aux->transfer(aux, &msg);
+		ret = aux->transfer(aux, &msg);
-		if (err < 0) {
-			if (err == -EBUSY)
-				continue;
-			return err;
-		}
-		switch (msg.reply & DP_AUX_NATIVE_REPLY_MASK) {
-			if (err < size)
-				return -EPROTO;
-			return err;
+		if (ret > 0) {
+			native_reply = msg.reply & DP_AUX_NATIVE_REPLY_MASK;
+			if (native_reply == DP_AUX_NATIVE_REPLY_ACK) {
+				if (ret == size)
+					return ret;
-			return -EIO;
+				ret = -EPROTO;
+			} else
+				ret = -EIO;
+		/*
+		 * We want the error we return to be the error we received on
+		 * the first transaction, since we may get a different error the
+		 * next time we retry
+		 */
+		if (!err)
+			err = ret;
 	DRM_DEBUG_KMS("too many retries, giving up\n");
-	return -EIO;
+	return err;

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