[Mesa-dev] [PATCH 1/6] glsl: Optimize pow(x, 2) into x * x.
Eric Anholt
eric at anholt.net
Tue Mar 11 17:32:22 PDT 2014
Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite at gmail.com> writes:
> On Wed, Mar 12, 2014 at 12:00 AM, Eric Anholt <eric at anholt.net> wrote:
>> Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite at gmail.com> writes:
>>
>>> On Tue, Mar 11, 2014 at 7:27 PM, Eric Anholt <eric at anholt.net> wrote:
>>>> Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite at gmail.com> writes:
>>>>
>>>>> On Tue, Mar 11, 2014 at 2:50 PM, Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>> On Mon, Mar 10, 2014 at 11:54 PM, Matt Turner <mattst88 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>> Cuts two instructions out of SynMark's Gl32VSInstancing benchmark.
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>> src/glsl/opt_algebraic.cpp | 8 ++++++++
>>>>>>> 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/src/glsl/opt_algebraic.cpp b/src/glsl/opt_algebraic.cpp
>>>>>>> index 5c49a78..8494bd9 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/src/glsl/opt_algebraic.cpp
>>>>>>> +++ b/src/glsl/opt_algebraic.cpp
>>>>>>> @@ -528,6 +528,14 @@ ir_algebraic_visitor::handle_expression(ir_expression *ir)
>>>>>>> if (is_vec_two(op_const[0]))
>>>>>>> return expr(ir_unop_exp2, ir->operands[1]);
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> + if (is_vec_two(op_const[1])) {
>>>>>>> + ir_variable *x = new(ir) ir_variable(ir->operands[1]->type, "x",
>>>>>>> + ir_var_temporary);
>>>>>>> + base_ir->insert_before(x);
>>>>>>> + base_ir->insert_before(assign(x, ir->operands[0]));
>>>>>>> + return mul(x, x);
>>>>>>> + }
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Is this safe? Since many GPUs implement pow(x, y) as exp2(log2(x) *
>>>>>> y), this will give different results for if y comes from a uniform vs
>>>>>> if it's a constant, no?
>>>>
>>>> Yes, but that wouldn't be covered by the "invariant" keyword.
>>>>
>>>>> To be a bit more clear: I don't think this is valid for expressions
>>>>> writing to variables marked as invariant (or expressions taking part
>>>>> in the calculations that leads up to invariant variable writes).
>>>>>
>>>>> I can't find anything allowing variance like this in the invariance
>>>>> section of the GLSL 3.30 specifications. In particular, the list
>>>>> following "To guarantee invariance of a particular output variable
>>>>> across two programs, the following must also be true" doesn't seem to
>>>>> require the values to be passed from the same source, only that the
>>>>> same values are passed. And in this case, the value 2.0 is usually
>>>>> exactly representable no matter what path it took there.
>>>>>
>>>>> Perhaps I'm being a bit too pedantic here, though.
>>>>
>>>> This file would do the same thing on the same expression tree in two
>>>> different programs, so "invariant" is fine (we've probably got other
>>>> problems with invariant, though). The keyword you're probably thinking
>>>> of is "precise", which isn't in GLSL we implement yet.
>>>
>>> Are you saying that this only rewrites "x = pow(y, 2.0)" and not
>>> "const float e = 2.0; x = pow(y, e);"? If so, my point is moot,
>>> indeed. But if that's *not* the case, then I think we're in trouble
>>> still.
>>
>> The second would also get rewritten, because other passes will move the
>> 2.0 into the pow.
>>
>> I thought I understood your objection, but now I don't. I think you'll
>> have to lay out the pair of shaders involving the invariant keyword that
>> you think that would be broken by this pass.
>
> My understanding is that
> ---8<---
> invariant varying float v;
> attribute float a;
> const float e = 2.0;
> void main()
> {
> v = pow(a, e);
> }
> ---8<---
> and
> ---8<---
> invariant varying float v;
> attribute float a;
> uniform float e;
> void main()
> {
> v = pow(a, e);
> }
> ---8<---
> ...should produce the exact same result, as long as the latter is
> passed 2.0 as the uniform e.
>
> Because v is marked as invariant, the expressions writing to v are the
> same, and the values passed in are the same.
>
> If we rewrite the first one to do "a * a", we get a different result
> on implementations that do "exp2(log2(a) * 2.0)" for the latter, due
> to floating-point normalization in the intermediate steps.
I don't think that's what the spec authors intended from the keyword. I
think what they intended was that if you had uniform float e in both
cases, but different code for setting *other* lvalues, that you'd still
get the same result in v.
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