[Mesa-dev] Linux Graphics Next: Userspace submission update

Christian König ckoenig.leichtzumerken at gmail.com
Tue Jun 1 12:10:46 UTC 2021

Am 01.06.21 um 12:49 schrieb Michel Dänzer:
> On 2021-06-01 12:21 p.m., Christian König wrote:
>> Am 01.06.21 um 11:02 schrieb Michel Dänzer:
>>> On 2021-05-27 11:51 p.m., Marek Olšák wrote:
>>>> 3) Compositors (and other privileged processes, and display flipping) can't trust imported/exported fences. They need a timeout recovery mechanism from the beginning, and the following are some possible solutions to timeouts:
>>>> a) use a CPU wait with a small absolute timeout, and display the previous content on timeout
>>>> b) use a GPU wait with a small absolute timeout, and conditional rendering will choose between the latest content (if signalled) and previous content (if timed out)
>>>> The result would be that the desktop can run close to 60 fps even if an app runs at 1 fps.
>>> FWIW, this is working with
>>> https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/mutter/-/merge_requests/1880 , even with implicit sync (on current Intel GPUs; amdgpu/radeonsi would need to provide the same dma-buf poll semantics as other drivers and high priority GFX contexts via EGL_IMG_context_priority which can preempt lower priority ones).
>> Yeah, that is really nice to have.
>> One question is if you wait on the CPU or the GPU for the new surface to become available?
> It's based on polling dma-buf fds, i.e. CPU.
>> The former is a bit bad for latency and power management.
> There isn't a choice for Wayland compositors in general, since there can be arbitrary other state which needs to be applied atomically together with the new buffer. (Though in theory, a compositor might get fancy and special-case surface commits which can be handled by waiting on the GPU)
> Latency is largely a matter of scheduling in the compositor. The latency incurred by the compositor shouldn't have to be more than single-digit milliseconds. (I've seen total latency from when the client starts processing a (static) frame to when it starts being scanned out as low as ~6 ms with https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/mutter/-/merge_requests/1620, lower than typical with Xorg)

Well let me describe it like this:

We have an use cases for 144 Hz guaranteed refresh rate. That 
essentially means that the client application needs to be able to spit 
out one frame/window content every ~6.9ms. That's tough, but doable.

When you now add 6ms latency in the compositor that means the client 
application has only .9ms left for it's frame which is basically 
impossible to do.

See for the user fences handling the display engine will learn to read 
sequence numbers from memory and decide on it's own if the old frame or 
the new one is scanned out. To get the latency there as low as possible.

>> Another question is if that is sufficient as security for the display server or if we need further handling down the road? I mean essentially we are moving the reliability problem into the display server.
> Good question. This should generally protect the display server from freezing due to client fences never signalling, but there might still be corner cases.

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