Automatically connect plugged in modems
aleksander at aleksander.es
Mon Apr 18 12:51:45 UTC 2022
> After having set up modemmanager properly, I still need to run `mmcli simple-connect...` each time I plug in the modem. Plus, the ID sometimes changes when re-plugging it, so I have to query the ID (sometimes the modem takes a while to show up too), and THEN manually connect it.
> Not a huge deal TBH, but still low-key annoying; it gets repetitive rather quickly.
Yes, that is all expected. If you want an "automated" connection
management, you need something on top of MM to do it. MM just provides
APIs to control the modem, it doesn't do any logic by itself. No one
is expected to run --simple-connect every time to connect a modem,
there should be some other process in charge of doing that for you.
> So I wrote a very little helper that listens on the D-Bus interface for new modems, and automatically connects them to the network (sim-pin and profile-id are read from a config file). Maybe this can be of use to others?:
> Configuration of the network itself (e.g.: DHCP) is handled by the network manager service (systemd-networkd in my case) once wlan0 is up.
Thanks for sharing! I'm sure this could be helpful to others.
One thing I quickly spotted is that you're assuming DHCP can be run in
the modem, and this is not always the case. Instead, you should look
at the generated connected bearer object and see what are the
Ip4Config and Ip6Config property values. The bearer may report
"static" if the user should configure the IP settings provided by the
modem in the bearer object, or "dhcp" if the user should run DHCP (or
SLAAC for IPv6), or "ppp" if the user should run pppd over a specific
> Aside from sharing this very tiny tool, I wanted to also kind of suggest incorporating this functionality into modem-manager itself; adding support for configuration files where one can define sim-pin, profile-id, etc, and have modem-manager automatically connect when it's detected.
This is not a task of ModemManager really. MM just provides a mean to
configure the modem, it is not in charge of the actual logic to
perform the connection, or what to do with the connection. Upper
layers like NetworkManager (in most distros), netifd (in openwrt) or
Shill (in ChromeOS) are the ones in charge of triggering the
connection setup and then configuring the net interface as requested.
All those upper layers already have ways to store connection settings
like APN, PIN, user/pass... Adding the complexity of managing all that
by MM automatically is not something I'd personally like to do.
Setting up a connection, along with default routes and every other
detail should be done by the network management logic in the system,
be it a ethernet, a wireless or a modem device.
That said, we could have a simple program like yours as an example in
the ModemManager sources, or even something that could be used in
setups where no other upper layer is available (e.g. assuming there
will be one single default route via the modem and such). I have
several examples like those that I could adapt, and ideally they would
be using libmm-glib (e.g. in python via GObject Introspection). I have
absolutely no idea if you can have automatic bindings like the ones we
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