[PATCH 1/2] man: add description for specifying modes with aspect-ratio in weston.ini
Nautiyal, Ankit K
ankit.k.nautiyal at intel.com
Thu Jul 5 15:43:48 UTC 2018
From: Ankit Nautiyal <ankit.k.nautiyal at intel.com>
This patch adds information about the new resolution-format that can
be specified by a user in weston.ini to select a CEA mode. CEA defines
timing of a video mode, which is considered as a standard for
HDMI certification and compliance testing. It defines each and every
parameter, of a video mode, like h/vactive,h/vfront h/vback etc.,
including aspect-ratio information. The drm layer, specifies the
aspect-ratio information in user-mode flag bits 19-22. For the non-CEA
modes a value of 0 is given in the aspect-ratio flag bits. Each
CEA-mode is identified by a unique, Video Identification Code (VIC).
For example, VIC=4 is 1280x720 at 60 aspect-ratio 16:9.
This mode will be different than a non-CEA mode 1280x720 at 60 0:0.
The new mode-format helps to differentiate between the CEA and
non-CEA modes, by letting user specify aspect-ratio along with other
paremeters: mode=widthxheight at rr ratio.
This helps when certification testing is done, in tests like 7-27,
the HDMI analyzer applies a particular CEA mode, and expects the
applied mode to be with exactly same timings, including the
aspect-ratio and VIC field.
Signed-off-by: Ankit Nautiyal <ankit.k.nautiyal at intel.com>
man/weston-drm.man | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 37 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff --git a/man/weston-drm.man b/man/weston-drm.man
index ae794423..f9247b27 100644
@@ -64,8 +64,43 @@ can be one of the words
.BR off " to turn the output off, "
.BR preferred " to use the monitor's preferred video mode, or "
.BR current " to use the current video mode and avoid a mode switch."
-It can also be a resolution as
-\fIwidth\fBx\fIheight\fR, or a detailed mode line as below.
+It can also be a resolution as:
+Specify a mode with a given refresh-rate measured in Hz.
+Here \fIratio\fR is Picture Aspect-Ratio which can have values as 4:3, 16:9,
+64:27, and 256:135. This resolution-format helps to select a CEA mode, if such a
+video mode is present in the mode-list of the output.
+CEA defines the timing of a video mode, which is considered as a standard for
+HDMI spcification and compliance testing. It defines each and every parameter of
+a video mode, like hactive, vactive, vfront, vback etc., including aspect-ratio
+information. For CEA modes, the drm layer, stores this aspect-ratio information
+in user-mode (drmModeModeInfo) flag bits 19-22. For the non-CEA modes a value of
+0 is stored in the aspect-ratio flag bits.
+Each CEA-mode is identified by a unique, Video Identification Code (VIC).
+For example, VIC=4 is 1280x720 at 60 aspect-ratio 16:9. This mode will be
+different than a non-CEA mode 1280x720 at 60 0:0. When the video mode
+1280x720 at 60 0:0 is applied, since its timing doesnt exactly match with the CEA
+information for VIC=4, it would be treated as a non-CEA mode. Also, while setting
+the HDMI-AVI-Inforframe, VIC parameter will be given as '0'. If video mode
+1280x720 at 60 16:9 is applied, its CEA timimgs matches with that of video mode with
+VIC=4, so the VIC parameter in HDMI-AVI-Infoframe will be set to 4.
+Many a times, an output may have both CEA and non-CEA modes, which are similar
+in all resepct, differing only in the aspect-ratio. A user can select a CEA mode
+by giving the aspect-ratio, along with the other arguments for the mode.
+By omitting the aspect-ratio, user can specify the non-CEA modes.
+This helps when certification testing is done, in tests like 7-27, the
+HDMI-analyzer applies a particular CEA mode, and expects the applied mode to be
+with exactly same timings, including the aspect-ratio and VIC field.
+The resolution can also be a detailed mode line as below.
\fBmode\fR=\fIdotclock hdisp hsyncstart hsyncend htotal \
vdisp vsyncstart vsyncend vtotal hflag vflag\fR
More information about the wayland-devel