[systemd-devel] [script] Eject CD before shutdown

Philip Müller philm at manjaro.org
Thu Sep 13 09:04:40 PDT 2012

I'm working on a systemd.service file which should eject your CD/DVD and 
stop to display a
message so the user can react and close his cd-tray.

This was my first draft:

Description=LiveMedia Eject Service



Lennart gave me than some tips to make my script better:

Hmm, service are not really supposed to be interactive in the systemd 
world, but you can still make this work,
but should do that only for early boot and late shutdown services where 
you are sufficiently sure that nobody
else will interfere with your console IO. Simply use 
StandardInput=tty-force in the [Service] section which
should do the trick.

Testing it a little more I came to this:

> I added what you suggested like this:
> [Unit]
> Description=LiveMedia Eject Service
> [Service]
> StandardInput=tty-force
> Type=oneshot
> RemainAfterExit=true
> ExecStart=/bin/true
> ExecStop=/etc/manjaro/ejectcd
> [Install]
> WantedBy=multi-user.target
> I can see the output now. I attached a screenshot of my virtualbox.
> In my bash-script I added a "read" cmd so that script would wait for
> user-interactivity.
> Somehow systemd ends my service file so I never be able to react.
> Also as you can see in my screenshot at least 15 services get
> stopped after my service got killed.
> Maybe I've to add it to another category and not to multi-user.target

Lennart answerd me later:

All operations are timed out in systemd by default. You can turn this
off by pasing TimeoutSec=0.

However, I'd probably recommend you to define your service a bit
differently. Add this to [Unit]:


And just use ExecStart= to spawn your code, drop the ExecStop=.

And then pull that in from final.target.

In case you wonder: the charts at the end of this man page might
explain better where a service like that is positioned:


Now my script seems to be more properly written.
I see that message only some seconds but still have no option
to interact or make my virtualbox machine stop and wait for me hitting 
the "Enter"-key.

Does the community has a clue for me?

kind regards


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if [ -n "$(blkid -L %MISO_LABEL% |grep -Eo 'sr|cd')" ]; then
    eject -m /dev/disk/by-label/%MISO_LABEL%

    echo -e "\033[31m"
    echo -en "Remove the boot medium, close the tray (if any), "
    echo -en "then press ENTER."
    echo -e "\033[0m"

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Description=LiveMedia Eject Service



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