[Xlibs] Xlib needs to add -lXau to x11.pc

Mike A. Harris mharris@www.linux.org.uk
Sat, 17 Jan 2004 01:19:20 -0500 (EST)

On Sat, 17 Jan 2004, Keith Packard wrote:

>Date: Sat, 17 Jan 2004 10:22:41 +1030
>From: Keith Packard <keithp@keithp.com>
>To: xlibs@pdx.freedesktop.org
>Cc: Keith Packard <keithp@keithp.com>
>Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
>Subject: [Xlibs] Xlib needs to add -lXau to x11.pc
>For systems which don't have library dependencies in the archives, we need 
>to fix the .pc file so that it includes the libraries and necessary -I 
>bits.  The stuff in configure.ac is kinda busted, so if someone wants to 
>take a stab at figuring it all out and fixing it, it would be muchly 

lnxlib.tmpl from XFree86 CVS head will help with that a bit, and 
it fixes many issues compared to 4.3.0, yet is missing some deps 
as well, which burn us.

I'm going to be fixing this in our 4.3.0 soon (it causes anaconda
some problems), and then checking 4.4.0 current to ensure it is
updated properly.  On a sidenote, the FreeBSD bsdlib.tmpl also
has errors.

For anyone who is checking libs to ensure they're properly linked 
to their dependants, here is a quick trick to test a library (on 

ldd -r -d <library>

If any undefined references are present, determine which library 
provides them, and LD_PRELOAD it, running the same command as 
above.  Keep adding necessary libs until all undef'd refs are 
resolved, and you've got the list of sharedlibreqs to link in.


pts/6 root@zod:/usr/X11R6/lib# ldd -r -d libXmuu.so
        libc.so.6 => /lib/i686/libc.so.6 (0x40017000)
        /lib/ld-linux.so.2 => /lib/ld-linux.so.2 (0x80000000)
undefined symbol: XGetErrorDatabaseText (./libXmuu.so)
undefined symbol: XQueryTree    (./libXmuu.so)
undefined symbol: XFree (./libXmuu.so)
undefined symbol: XGetWindowProperty    (./libXmuu.so)
undefined symbol: XGetErrorText (./libXmuu.so)
undefined symbol: XInternAtom   (./libXmuu.so)
pts/6 root@zod:/usr/X11R6/lib# LD_PRELOAD=./libX11.so.6.2 ldd -r -d libXmuu.so
        ./libX11.so.6.2 => ./libX11.so.6.2 (0x40005000)
        libc.so.6 => /lib/i686/libc.so.6 (0x4010d000)
        /lib/ld-linux.so.2 => /lib/ld-linux.so.2 (0x80000000)

Must be sure that the lib actually directly requires a given dep 
lib though, rather than one of the existing deps that are found - 
also missing their deps.

What would be nice, is a depandancy tree for the libs.  Anyone 
know of such a pre-existing tool?  Perhaps even the tools I 
already use can do this and I never noticed. ;o)

Mike A. Harris